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ISP vs Residential proxies : What are the differences?

Post Time: 2024-03-07 Update Time: 2024-05-07

In the current digital era, the utilization of proxies has become increasingly prevalent for a variety of reasons. They play a crucial role in ensuring online anonymity and facilitating data scraping, while also being able to bypass geo-barriers.

There are several types of proxies available, with residential proxies and ISP proxies being the most prominent options. Selecting the appropriate type is essential for achieving success online, thus understanding their nuances is vital. In this article, let's analyze their differences, advantages, and disadvantages one by one. Let's get started!


What Are Residential Proxies?


Residential proxies are IP addresses obtained from physical locations, typically actual residential homes. When utilizing residential proxies, it is akin to accessing exclusive content by borrowing your neighbor's Wi-Fi.

Use cases

Residential proxies are a popular choice for activities such as data scraping, web crawling, and other online tasks that require a high level of anonymity. This is due to their lower likelihood of being blocked or blacklisted by websites, making them a preferred option for maintaining seamless and uninterrupted operations.


  • Enhanced anonymity: Residential proxies utilize IP addresses derived from real homes, providing users with a higher level of privacy.
  • Unlimited concurrent requests: Unlike shared pools of IPs, residential proxies have the capability to send an unlimited number of concurrent requests.
  • Diverse range of IP addresses: Residential proxies typically operate large pools of IP addresses worldwide, making it highly unlikely for users to encounter the same IP address twice.


    • Slow speed: These proxies may have slower speeds compared to ISP proxies, as they rely on the internet quality of other users.
    • Unstable connection: These proxies require real devices to route users' requests, which can result in slower data retrieval and an unstable connection.

Residential Proxies


What Are ISP Proxies?


ISP proxies, also known as static residential proxies, aim to combine the desirable attributes of datacenter and residential proxies. Similar to residential proxies, they are owned by internet service providers rather than web hosting services. However, like datacenter proxies, they are hosted on servers located in data centers and do not involve end users.

Use cases

The most common use cases for these proxies include large-scale web scraping projects, advertisement verification, social media monitoring, SEO tracking, and making significant purchases of limited-edition items. Additionally, they are highly effective for handling traffic-intensive online tasks due to their typically unlimited bandwidth capacity.


  • High speed and uptime: ISP IPs are hosted on servers in data centers, providing higher bandwidth for connecting to Internet services, resulting in high-speed data transmission.
  • Superior performance: They can effectively handle target sites with simple to moderate blocking mechanisms and complex site architecture.
  • Unlimited bandwidth: Most ISP proxy providers offer unlimited traffic plans, which is particularly beneficial for carrying out data-intensive activities.


    • Less secure: These proxies are easily identifiable as proxies by websites.
    • Limited location coverage: They typically have limited geographical coverage as they rely on data centers.

ISP Proxies


Differences Between Residential Proxies And ISP Proxies

Source of IP Addresses

  • ISP proxies: These utilize IP addresses directly provided by Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and are hosted in data centers.
  • Residential proxies: These use IP addresses assigned to real residential households by ISPs, routing traffic through physical residential devices.


  • ISP proxies: Enforcing strict access controls and user authentication and authorization policies to limit access to authorized users. Employing advanced firewalls, intrusion prevention systems (IPS), and data encryption protocols like SSL/TLS to filter malicious traffic and safeguard sensitive information in transit.
  • Residential proxies: Utilizing dynamic rotation to reduce the risk of IP blocking and minimize the attack surface area. Implementing additional security measures such as username/password or IP authentication to add an extra layer of protection.


  • ISP proxies: The legitimacy of these proxies can vary, and they may be employed for a range of purposes, including scraping or automated activities.
  • Residential proxies: These are considered more legitimate as their IP addresses are utilized by genuine users.

IP Pool Diversity

  • ISP proxies: Typically have a smaller pool of IP addresses, which are often static or have limited rotation.
  • Residential proxies: Generally possess a larger and more geographically diverse pool of rotating IP addresses.


  • ISP proxies: These are considered to be high quality, as they are more stable and can be accessed on demand without relying on unreliable end-user connections.
  • Residential proxies: The performance of these proxies may vary depending on the internet connection of the device.


  • ISP proxies: Superior. With their data center connections, they provide lightning-fast speeds and minimal latency.
  • Residential proxies: Moderate. These proxies may have slower speeds and higher latency due to the diverse nature of user connections.


  • ISP proxies: Due to their speed and direct sourcing from ISPs, they may be priced higher compared to residential proxies.
  • Residential proxies: They are generally more cost-effective than ISP proxies, although pricing may vary depending on the providers.



Factors ISP proxies Residential proxies
Source data centers real users
IP Pool Diversity wide coverage global coverage
Anonymity easier to trace superior anonymity
Performance higher speeds and reliability slower due to residential connections
Legitimacy can vary depending on the purpose of use better
Stability high can vary depending on the internet connection of the device need
Security better good
Pricing medium-high medium



The choice between ISP proxies and residential proxies ultimately depends on your specific requirements and financial resources. Considering that both types of proxies have their own advantages and disadvantages, I believe this article can provide you with valuable insights.

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